The next six years of his reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms. The book contains proverbs from various authors going back as far as King Solomon and as close to his own time, such as Albert the Great. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms. Template:Felicia-Matilda of Mayenne, Preceded by Peter II King of Aragon 1213-1276 Succeeded by Peter III Count of Barcelona 1213-1276 Preceded by New Creation King of Valencia 1238—1276 King of Majorca 1231-1276 Succeeded by James II Preceded by Marie Lord of Montpellier 1219-1276. Peter, whose possessions in Provence entangled him in the wars between the Albigenses and Simon of Montfort, endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter. During his remaining two decades after Corbeil, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alfonso X of Castile. During his remaining two decades after Corbeil, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alfonso X of Castile. Mallorca: Skip the Line Palma Cathedral Entry Ticket. James was the first great sponsor and patron of vernacular Catalan literature. James signed it on that date, but Alfonso did not affirm it until much later. Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. James owed his name to his mother's strange whim of placing 12 lighted candles, name for the 12 Apostles, around his cradle & determining that the last to burn out should be his patron. The Aragonese and Catalans, however, appealed to the pope, who forced Montfort to surrender him in May or June 1214. ▼2 He and Eleanor de Castilla were divorced in 1229. The troubadour Olivier lo Templier composed a song praising the voyage and hoping for its success. According to the continuator of William of Tyre, he returned via Montpellier por l'amor de sa dame Berenguiere ("for the love his lady Berengaria") and abandoned any further effort at a Crusade. On 26 March 1244, the two monarchs signed the Treaty of Almizra to determine the zones of their expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between them. He endeavoured to repudiate her, and she fled to Rome, where she died in April 1213. According to the treaty, all lands south of a line from Biar to Villajoyosa through Busot were reserved for Castile. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia. By Blanca d'Antillón: Ferran Sanchis (or Fernando Sánchez; 1240–1275), baron of Castro By Berenguela Fernández: Pedro Fernández, baron of Híjar By Elvira Sarroca: Jaume Sarroca (born 1248), Archbishop of Huesca. James first married, in 1221, Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. The kingdom was given over to confusion until, in 1217, the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza. As well as a fine example of autobiography the "Book of Deeds" expresses concepts of the power and purpose of monarchy; examples of loyalty and treachery in the feudal order; and medieval military tactics. A translation into English by J. Forster, with notes by Don Pascual de Gayangos, was published in London in 1883. They found that Baibars, the Mameluke sultan of Egypt, had broken his truce with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and was making a demonstration of his military power in front of Acre. Cookies help us deliver our services. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. James (c.1255–1285), lord of Xèrica Peter (1259–1318), lord of Ayerbe The children in the third marriage were recognised in his last Will as being in the line of Successon to the Throne, should the senior lines fale. James and Sancho negotiated a treaty whereby James would inherit Navarre on the old Sancho's death, but when this did occur, the Navarrese nobless instead elevated Theobald to the throne (1234), and James disputed it. Aragonés: Chaime lo Conqueridor (Montpeller 1208 - Valencia 1276), rei d'Aragón, de Mallorca y de Valencia, Conte de Barcelona … By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. By the Treaty of Corbeil, signed in May 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with Louis IX of France and was content with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated and illusory French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia. They found that Baibars, the Mameluke sultan of Egypt, had broken his truce with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and was making a demonstration of his military power in front of Acre. From 1230 to 1232, James negotiated with Sancho VII of Navarre, who desired his help against his nephew and closest living male relative, Theobald IV of Champagne. James was handed over, at Carcassonne, in May or June 1214, to the papal legate Peter of Benevento. James, though orthodox and pious, had an ample share of moral laxity. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force which had been in Galilee. The kingdom was given over to confusion till in 1216 the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Saragossa. Jaime I, Rey de Aragón was born in 1205. Crusade of 1269. Urraca of León and Castile, |22= 22. He married, thirdly, Theresa Vidaure after 1251. A storm, however, drove him off course and he landed at Aigues-Mortes. He also founded a studium at Valencia in 1245 and received privileges for it from Pope Innocent IV, but it did not develop as splendidly. 5 maps. Hijo de Pedro II el Católico y de María de Montpellier, era el heredero de dos importantes linajes: la Casa de Aragón y el de los emperadores de Bizancio, por parte de su madre. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. By the Treaty of Corbeil, with Louis IX., signed the r rth of May 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with the French king, and contented himself with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia. On her death in 1231, James exchanged the Balearic Islands for Urgell with her widower, Peter of Portugal. à partir de 10 USD. It even contains maxims from the medieval Arab philosophers and from the Apophthegmata Philosophorum of Honein ben Ishak, which was probably translated at Barcelona during his reign. James I of Aragon From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. By 1228 he had so far brought his vassals to obedience, that he was able to undertake the conquest of the Balearic Islands, which he achieved within four years. Father of Alfonso de Aragón; Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla; Constanza de Aragón, señora consorte de Escalona; Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón; Jaume II, rei de Mallorca and 12 others; Fernando, infant de Aragón; Sancha, infanta de Aragón; María de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Isabel Capet, queen consort of France; Sancho de Aragón, arzobispo de Toledo; Leonor de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Jaume I d'Aragó, baró de Xèrica; Pedro, I barón de Ayerbe, infante de Aragón; Fernán Sánchez de Castro, Señor de Castro y Pomar; Pedro Fernández, barón de Híjar; Jaime Sarroca, obispo de Huesca and Pedro del Rey, obispo de Lérida « less 94 ^ Chaytor, pag 94. En febrero de 1221 se desposó con Leonor de Castilla, hermana de Doña Berenguela y tía de Fernando III de Castilla. Fiancé of Aurembiaix, comtessa d'Urgell His father, a man of immoral life, was with difficulty persuaded to cohabit with his wife. James and Sancho negotiated a treaty whereby James would inherit Navarre on the old Sancho's death, but when this did occur, the Navarrese nobless instead elevated Theobald to the throne (1234), and James disputed it. Yolante de Aragón+ ▼4 d. 1300 -2. 1243, d. 28 Jan 1271 -7. As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. The "khan of Tartary" (actually the Ilkhan) Abaqa corresponded with James in early 1267, inviting him to join forces with the Mongols and go on Crusade. JAMES I., the Conqueror (1208-1276), king of Aragon, son of Peter II., king of Aragon, and of Mary of Montpellier, whose mother was Eudoxia Comnena, daughter of the emperor Manuel, was born at Montpellier on the 2nd of February 1208. The favour James showed his illegitimate offspring led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his sons legitimate and illegitimate. London: Methuen, 1933. Władysław II the Exile |23= 23. As in the case of Navarre, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. ▼2 He died on 25 July 1276. Doña Constanza (1239-1269), esposa del infante castellano Don Manuel, hermano de Alfonso X el Sabio. Tuvo una infancia difícil. Crusades, James I of Aragon, Kingdom of France, Louis IX of France, Margaret of Aragon, Philip III of France, The Eighth Crusade at Tunis Philippe III (April 30, 1245 – October 5, 1285), called the Bold, was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. Guerau IV de Cabrera had occupied the County of Urgell in opposition to Aurembiax, the heiress of Ermengol VIII, who had died without sons in 1208. As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a significant place among the Spanish kings. James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier. As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a significant place among the Spanish kings. Though he later had the marriage annulled, his one son by her was declared legitimate: Alfonso (1229–1260), married Constance of Montcada, Countess of Bigorre In 1235, James remarried to Yolanda, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary by his second wife Yolande de Courtenay. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. Reconquista, After his false start at uniting Aragon with the Kingdom of Navarre through a scheme of mutual adoption, James turned to the south and the Mediterranean Sea, where he conquered the Balearic Islands (Majorca 1229; Minorca 1232; Ibiza 1235) and where Valencia capitulated 28 September 1238.